Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International,
Introduction: Antibiotics analysis is performed by many methods such as spectrophotometry, fluorimetry, polarography, and high-performance liquid chromatography. This analysis doesn't require derivatization but requires expensive equipment and extensive preparation. When more than one antibiotic is present in a formulation, interactions may occur between the drugs that must be separated before measurement. Thin-layer chromatography is a useful technique for identifying antibiotics because of the low cost, high speed, and low servicing. Silica gel adsorbents have often been used as adsorbents in all thin-layer chromatography studies. In this study, zeolite was used as an adsorbent in thin- layer chromatography with high selectivity.
Materials and Methods: The chromatographic behaviour of amoxicillin, ampicillin, cefazolin, cefixime, ceftriaxone, cefalexin, and penicillin was studied for the first time on a thin layer of zeolite with mobile, organic, and organic- organic phases.
Discussion: The best separation of ceftriaxone from amoxicillin, ampicillin, cefazolin, cefixolin, cefalexin, and penicillin on a thin layer of zeolite using methanol as the mobile phase. The distance and rise time are 12 cm and 110 minutes, respectively.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that using the current method, the selectivity of one antibiotic from other components as well as two-component andthree-component adsorption was obtained. Quantitative identification of antibiotics was also performed in multicomponent mixtures after selection of appropriate isolates.