Impact of Educational Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude & Practice About Pharmacovigilance in Nursing Students in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

Punam A Gosavi

GMCH Nagpur, India.

Mrunalini V Kalikar

GMCH Nagpur, India.

Sunil M Mahakalkar

Department of Pharmacology GMCH Nagpur, India.

Sneha P Pawar *

GMCH Nagpur, India.

Suchi Bansod

GMCH Nagpur, India.

Piyush Nama

Department of Pharmacology GMCH Nagpur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Background: It is crucial for healthcare professionals to know how to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs). To improve reporting rates, it is essential to improve knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of healthcare professionals regarding Pharmacovigilance (PV) and adverse drug reactions (ADR) reporting. According to previous studies, there has been a lack of knowledge in nursing students regarding Pharmacovigilance (PV) and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADR). Hence, this study was planned to assess the impact of educational intervention on nursing students' knowledge, attitude, and practice of pharmacovigilance at a tertiary care teaching hospital in India.

Materials and Methods: This was an interventional study conducted among 93 BSc nursing students at a tertiary care teaching hospital, India. Each participant was explained the purpose of study and asked to fill in a questionnaire about their knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacovigilance. The post-KAP questionnaire was re-circulated among participants at the end of the intervention and data was analyzed using Chi square test.   

Results: The study involved 93 BSc nursing students aged 21.52 ± 1.11 years, with a male to female ratio of 1:2. All statistical calculations were performed using Graph Pad prism v10.1.0. Results showed significant differences in understanding pharmacovigilance between pre-intervention and post-intervention, and a significant change in attitudes towards pharmacovigilance due to the educational intervention. A statistically greater proportion of students learned about Pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting forms.

Conclusion: The Continuing Medical Education (CME) and group discussions significantly enhanced the knowledge and attitude of nursing students regarding pharmacovigilance.

Keywords: Pharmacovigilance, pharmacology, adverse drug reactions, knowledge, attitude, practice


How to Cite

Gosavi , P. A., Kalikar , M. V., Mahakalkar , S. M., Pawar , S. P., Bansod, S. and Nama , P. (2024) “Impact of Educational Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude & Practice About Pharmacovigilance in Nursing Students in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in India: A Cross-Sectional Study”, Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 36(6), pp. 67–76. doi: 10.9734/jpri/2024/v36i67523.

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