Medical Students Attitude & Knowledge of Psychiatry an Impact of Psychiatry Posting
Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International,
India being a signatory to Alma-Ata declaration, envisaged ‘Health for all by the year 2000” and hence should look into training undergraduates in psychiatry. Medical students’ attitude towards psychiatry are determined by complex inter lacing variables. Low recruitment is a serious challenge for psychiatry worldwide. Moreover, psychiatry is poorly represented in medical education and undergraduate training in psychiatry and behavioral sciences in most medical colleges in India is unsatisfactory. Keeping these facts in mind, this study was carried out to assess the influence of psychiatry training, including direct patient contact on attitude of medical students towards mental illness. This study was conducted at Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Science, Sevagram, Wardha, Maharashtra. Second year MBBS students were evaluated with a pre and posttest during their 2 weeks posting in the Psychiatry department. There was some improvement in attitude & knowledge of undergraduate medical students about mental health after two weeks of psychiatry posting. The improvement in male medical students is more than three times of that seen in female medical students, after two weeks of training. The existing M.C.I. recommendations need serious considerations for implementation in each & every Medical College of India. As per the current curriculum, the introduction to psychiatry is in the 1st term during lectures on behavioral sciences following which they not exposed again until the 5th semester when the undergraduate students are required to attend 40 hours lectures parallel to 4 weeks clinical posting culminating with compulsory short note questions worth 20 marks included in paper II of the General Medicine exam. Finally, another two weeks of psychiatry posting is mandatory during internship. Female medical students have shown deterioration in their attitudes & knowledge over more questions than male counterparts. Hence it can be deduced that, males tend to learn better by experience.
- psychiatry an impact
How to Cite
Haider W. Why Health for All by Policy (HFA 2000) failed to achieve its goals? Ann King Edw Med Univ [Internet]. 2019; 25(3). [cited 2021 Mar 6] Available:https://annalskemu.org/journal/index.php/annals/article/view/3059
Kallivayalil RA. The importance of psychiatry in undergraduate medical education in India. Indian J Psychiatry. 2012;54(3):208–16.
Desai R, Panchal B, Vala A, Ratnani IJ, Vadher S, Khania P. Impact of clinical posting in psychiatry on the attitudes towards psychiatry and mental illness in undergraduate medical students. Gen Psychiatry. 2019;32(3):e100072.
Rezler AG. Methods of attitude assessment for medical teachers. Med Educ. 1976;10(1):43–51.
Paddock M, Farooq K, Sarkar SN, Aga T, Lydall G. Why choose psychiatry? Report on a qualitative workshop. The Psychiatrist. 2013;37(4):146–146.
Buchanan A, Bhugra D. Attitude of the medical profession to psychiatry. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1992;85(1):1–5.
Eagle PF, Marcos LR. Factors in medical students’ choice of psychiatry. Am J Psychiatry. 1980;137(4):423–7.
Sadr SS, Nayerifard R, Samimi Ardestani SM, Namjoo M. Factors Affecting the Choice of Psychiatry as a Specialty in Psychiatry Residents in Iran. Iran J Psychiatry. 2016;11(3):185–90.
Khajeddin N, Riahi F, Salehi Veysi M, Hoseyni H, Izadi Mazidi S. Do medical students’ attitudes toward psychiatry and their intention to pursue psychiatry as a career change during psychiatric attachment? Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2012;6(1):53–61.
Seow LSE, Chua BY, Mahendran R, Verma S, Ong HL, Samari E, et al. Psychiatry as a career choice among medical students: a cross-sectional study examining school-related and non-school factors. BMJ Open. 2018;8(8):e022201.
Chawla JM, Balhara YPS, Sagar R, Shivaprakash null. Undergraduate medical students’ attitude toward psychiatry: a cross-sectional study. Indian J Psychiatry. 2012;54(1):37–40.
Bhaskaran K. Undergraduate Training in Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences-The Need to Train the Trainers. Indian J Psychiatry. 1990;32(1):1.
Kallivayalil RA, Enara A. Undergraduate Education in Psychiatry in India. Glob Psychiatry. 2020;3(1):9–16.
Murthy P, Jain S, Chandrasekhar C. History and Milestones – Nimhans. NIMHANS Gold Jubil Commemmorative [Internet]; 2004. [cited 2021 Mar 6]. Available:https://nimhans.ac.in/history-and-milestones/
Sharma A, Vankar GK, Behere PB, Mishra KK. Does clinical posting in psychiatry change attitude towards psychiatry? A prospective study. J Clin Sci Res. 2018; 7(3):106.
Hailesilassie H, Kerebih H, Negash A, Girma E, Siebeck M, Tesfaye M. Attitude of Medical Students towards Psychiatry: The case of Jimma University, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2017; 27(3):207–14.
Pascucci M, Stella E, La Montagna M, De Angelis A, Parente P, Di Nunzio V, et al. Attitudes toward psychiatry and psychiatric patients in medical students: Can real-world experiences reduce stigma? Eur Psychiatry. 2016;33:S218.
Warnke I, Gamma A, Buadze M, Schleifer R, Canela C, Strebel B, et al. Predicting Medical Students’ Current Attitudes Toward Psychiatry, Interest in Psychiatry, and Estimated Likelihood of Working in Psychiatry: A Cross-Sectional Study in Four European Countries. Front Psychiatry [Internet]. 2018;9. [cited 2021 Mar 6]. Available:https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00049/full
Desai ND, Chavda PD. Attitudes of undergraduate medical students toward mental illnesses and psychiatry. J Educ Health Promot. 2018;7(1):50.
Buran, T., Sanem Gökçe Merve Kılınç, & Elmas Kasap. Prevalence of Extraintestinal Manifestations of Ulcerative Colitis Patients in Turkey: Community-Based Monocentric Observational Study. Clinical Medicine and Medical Research. 2020;1(2):39-46.
Kumar MV, Macharapu R, Reddy PK, Babu S. Attitude toward mental illness among medical students and nonpsychiatric doctors. Arch Ment Health. 2019;20(1):9.
Burra P, Kalin R, Leichner P, Waldron JJ, Handforth JR, Jarrett FJ, Amara IB. The ATP 30-a scale for measuring medical students' attitudes to psychiatry. Med Educ. 1982;16(1):31-8
Tharyan P, John T, Tharyan A, Braganza D. Attitudes of “tomorrow’s doctors” towards psychiatry and mental illness. Natl Med J India. 2000;14:355–9.
Daniel V, Daniel K. Perception of Nurses’ Work in Psychiatric Clinic. Clinical Medicine Insights. 2020;1(1):27-33.
De Witt C, Smit I, Jordaan E, Koen L, Niehaus DJH, Botha U. The impact of a psychiatry clinical rotation on the attitude of South African final year medical students towards mental illness. BMC Med Educ. 2019;19(1):114.
Reddy JP, Tan SMK, Azmi MT, Shaharom MH, Rosdinom R, Maniam T, et al. The effect of a clinical posting in psychiatry on the attitudes of medical students towards psychiatry and mental illness in a Malaysian medical school. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2005;34(8):505–10.
Simon N, Verdoux H. [Impact of education program and clinical posting in psychiatry on medical students’ stigmatizing attitudes towards psychiatry and psychiatric disorders]. L’Encephale. 2018;44(4):329–36.
Shen Y, Dong H, Fan X, Zhang Z, Li L, Lv H, et al. What can the medical education do for eliminating stigma and discrimination associated with mental illness among future doctors? effect of clerkship training on chinese students’ attitudes. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2014; 47(3):241–54.
Daniel V, Daniel K. Diabetic neuropathy: new perspectives on early diagnosis and treatments. Journal of Current Diabetes Reports. 2020;1(1):12–14.
Petkari E, Masedo Gutiérrez AI, Xavier M, Moreno Küstner B. The influence of clerkship on students’ stigma towards mental illness: a meta-analysis. Med Educ. 2018;52(7):694–704.
Kareem O, Ijaz B, Mehmood Y, Karim M, Riaz J. Attitude of Medical Students Towards Psychiatry in a Tertiary Care Hospital. J Med Physiol Biophys [Internet]; 2020. [cited 2021 Mar 6];
Gulati P, Das S, Chavan BS. Impact of psychiatry training on attitude of medical students toward mental illness and psychiatry. Indian J Psychiatry. 2014; 56(3):271–7.
Daniel V, Daniel K. Exercises training program: It’s Effect on Muscle strength and Activity of daily living among elderly people. Nursing and Midwifery. 2020;1 (01):19-23.
Praharaj SK, Behere RV, Deora S, Sharma PSVN. Psychiatric specialization as an option for medical students in the Indian context. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2013; 25(4):419–24.
Sreedaran P, Hegde D. Reasons for pursuing psychiatry as a career: A qualitative study of future psychiatrists from India. Arch Ment Health. 2018; 19(1):30.
Manohari SM, Johnson PR, Galgali RB. How to Teach Psychiatry to Medical Undergraduates in India?: A Model. Indian J Psychol Med. 2013;35(1):23–8.
Kallivayalil RA, Enara A. Undergraduate Education in Psychiatry in India. Global Psychiatry. 2020;3(1):9-16.
Aruna G, Mittal S, Yadiyal MB, Acharya C, Acharya S, Uppulari C. Perception, knowledge, and attitude toward mental disorders and psychiatry among medical undergraduates in Karnataka: A cross-sectional study. Indian J Psychiatry. 2016; 58(1):70.
Behere PB, Bhatt VK, Behere M. Psychiatry in Medical Education-an Appraisal. Andhra Pradesh Journal of Psychological Medicine.1990;3(1):19-23.
Abstract View: 0 times
PDF Download: 0 times