Main Article Content
Objective of the study is to assess the knowledge towards breast self-examination (BSE) of breasts among young adults in various districts of Sindh province in Pakistan. Descriptive cross sectional study design was used to conduct the study at Larkana. A total of 171 young female students participated in the study including students of matric, intermediate, undergraduate and postgraduate level. Participants were given a self-administered questionnaire designed to assess the knowledge of students towards SBE and Breast cancer. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests in SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23.0). A total 171 young adults participated in the study. Only a 2.33% were married. Most of the participants (47.36%) had intermediate level education, 43.85% were undergraduate, 8.18% had a family member with breast cancer, 38.6% of the respondents didn’t know that breast cancer is the most fatal cancer in women all over the world. A 43.8% considered that family history as a risk factor for the breast cancer, 61.4% considered that pain in the breast is symptom for the breast cancer, 83.63% of participants didn’t know how to perform breast self-examination, 88.3% of the participants were not practicing self-breast examination. It was concluded that most of the young students in various districts of Sindh province in Pakistan do not have reasonable knowledge towards Self-breast examination and do not practice the same in routine life.
Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global cancer statistics: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2018;68(6):394-424.
ACS. Breast Cancer Facts & Figures. American Cancer Society; 2017.
Jemal A, Center MM, DeSantis C, Ward EM. Global patterns of cancer incidence and mortality rates and trends. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers. 2010;19(8):1893-907.
Bhoo-Pathy N, Yip CH, Hartman M, Uiterwaal CS, Devi BC, Peeters PH, Taib NA, van Gils CH, Verkooijen HM. Breast cancer research in Asia: Adopt or adapt Western knowledge?. European Journal of Cancer. 2013;49(3):703-9.
World Health Organization; 2018. Cancer burden rise to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million cancer deaths in 2018.
Arshad S, ur Rehman M, Abid F, Yasir S, Qayyum M, Ashiq K, Tanveer S, Bajwa M, Ashiq S. Current situation of breast cancer in Pakistan with the available interventions. Int. J. Biosci. 2019;11(6):232-40.
Amirali Z, Edgar K, Azim ZA, Sadruddin S. Breast cancer in Pakistani females. i-Manager's Journal on Nursing. 2014; 4(2):11.
Bhurgri Y, Bhurgri A, Hassan SH, Zaidi SH, Rahim A, Sankaranarayanan R, Parkin DM. Cancer incidence in Karachi, Pakistan: first results from Karachi cancer registry. International Journal of Cancer. 2000;85(3):325-9.
Al-Sharbatti SS, Shaikh RB, Mathew E, Al-Biate MA. Breast self examination practice and breast cancer risk perception among female university students in Ajman. Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev. 2013;14(8): 4919-23.
Harvey BJ, Miller AB, Baines CJ, Corey PN. Effect of breast self-examination techniques on the risk of death from breast cancer. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 1997;157(9):1205-12.
World Health Organization. Guidelines for the early detection and screening of breast cancer; 2006.
Asif HM, Sultana S, Akhtar N, Rehman JU, Rehman RU. Prevalence, risk factors and disease knowledge of breast cancer in Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2014;15(11):4411-6.
Al-Naggar RA, Al-Naggar DH, Bobryshev YV, Chen R, Assabri A. Practice and barriers toward breast self-examination among young Malaysian women. Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev. 2011;12(5):1173-8.
Gwarzo UM, Sabitu K, Idris SH. Knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among female undergraduate students. Annals of African Medicine. 2009;8(1).
Al Junaibi RM, Khan SA. Knowledge and Awareness of breast cancer among university female students in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman-A pilot study. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2011; 1(10):146.
Karayurt Ö, Özmen D, Çetinkaya AÇ. Awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self examination among high school students in Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2008;8(1):359.
Sarwar MZ, Shah SF, Yousaf MR, Ahmad QA, Khan SA. Knowledge, attitude and practices amongst the Pakistani females towards breast cancer screening programme. Screening. 2015;8:17-9.
Kumar S, Imam AM, Manzoor NF, Masood N. Knowledge, attitude and preventive practices for breast cancer among health care professionals at Aga Khan Hospital Karachi. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association. 2009;59(7):474.