Main Article Content
Background: Exercise during pregnancy is very beneficial for maternal health and fetus also. Proper knowledge in pregnant mothers is very important to promote practicing of it.
Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude of pregnant women regarding antenatal exercises.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study done in Isra institute of rehabilitation and sciences, Karachi & JPMC, Karachi. Total of 266 pregnant women during their 2nd and 3rd trimester and willing to participate in study were included from different gynecological departments of Hyderabad. Complete history was assessed regarding patient’s age, gestational age, educational status and any previous known pathology. Data were collected through face to face interviews and a validated and modified questionnaire with informed consent. For recording all the data, a designed questioner proforma was used. SPSS version 20 was utilized for data analysis, which was then summarized by descriptive statistics using frequency tables, charts and percentages.
Results: Total 266 pregnant women were interviewed; the mean age was 27.86±4.79 years, with a minimum and maximum age of 18 and 44 years respectively. Majority (54.97%) of the women did not have knowledge regarding antenatal exercise. However, 79.0% of women showed positive attitude towards antenatal care.
Conclusions: Majority of pregnant women had inadequate knowledge regarding antenatal exercises, while most of whom with a positive attitude.
Kesaniemi YK, Danforth E, Jr., Jensen MD, Kopelman PG, Lefebvre P, Reeder BA. Dose-response issues concerning physical activity and health: An evidence-based symposium. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33:S351-8.
WHO. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva: WHO; 2010.
Hayes DK, Fan AZ, Smith RA, Bombard JM. Trends in selected chronic conditions and behavioral risk factors among women of reproductive age, behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 2001-2009. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011;8:A120.
Wolfe LA, Davies GA: Canadian guidelines for exercise in pregnancy. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2003;46(2):488-95.
Barakat R, Pelaez M, Montejo R, Luaces M, Zakynthinaki M. Exercise during pregnancy improves maternal health perception: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2011;204(5):402-e1.
Katz J. Exercíciosaquáticosnagravidez. São Paulo: Manole. 1999;1.
Haakstad LA, Voldner N, Henriksen T, Bø K: Physical activity level and weight gain in a cohort of pregnant Norwegian women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86:559-564.
Marquez DX, Bustamante EE, Bock BC, Markenson G, Tovar A, ChasanTaber L. Perspectives of Latina and non-Latina white women on barriers and facilitators to exercise in pregnancy. Women Health 2009;49:505-521.
Brasil: Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria da VigilânciaemSaúde, Decree #79; 2008. Available:http://HTTP//portal.saude.br/portal/arquivos/pdf/ portaria_79_2008
Vallim AL, Osis MJ, Cecatti JG, Baciuk EP, Silveira C, Cavalcante SR. Water exercises and quality of life during pregnancy. Reprod Health. 2011;8:14.
Hartmann S, Bung P. Physical exercise during pregnancy – physiological considerations and recommendations. J Perinat Med. 1999;27:204-15.
Nascimento SL, Godoy AC, Surita FG, Pinto e Silva JL. Recommendations for physical exercise practice during pregnancy: A critical review. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2014;36:423-31.
Awusi VO, Anyanwu EB, Okeleke V. Determinants of antenatal care services utilization. Benin J Postgrad Med. 2009;11: 21-6.
Wolfe LA, Davies GA, School of Physical and Health Education, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Physiology, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Canadian guidelines for exercise in pregnancy. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2003;46:488-95.
ACOG Committee Obstetric Practice. ACOG Committee opinion. Number 267, January 2002: Exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Obstet Gynecol. 2002;99:171-3.
Ribeiro CP, Milanez H. Knowledge, attitude and practice of women in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil with respect to physical exercise in pregnancy: A descriptive study. Reprod Health. 2011; 8:31.
Owe KM, Nystad W, Bø K. Correlates of regular exercise during pregnancy: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2009;19:637- 45.
Krans EE, Gearhart JG, Dubbert PM, Klar PM, Miller AL, Replogle WH. Pregnant women’s beliefs and influences regarding exercise during pregnancy. J Miss State Med Assoc. 2005;46:67-73.
Cioffi J, Schmied V, Dahlen H, Mills A, Thornton C, Duff M, et al. Physical activity in pregnancy: Women’s perceptions, practices, and influencing factors. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2010;55:455-61.
Wijesiriwardana WS, Gunawardena NS. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antenatal exercises among pregnant mothers attending De Soyza Maternity Hospital Colombo. Sri Lanka Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2016;37(4).
Mbada CE, Adebayo OE, Adeyemi AB, Arije OO, Dada OO, Akinwande OA, Awotidebe TO, Alonge IA. Knowledge and attitude of Nigerian pregnant women towards antenatal exercise: A cross-sectional survey. ISRN obstetrics and gynecology; 2014.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (ACOG) and Committee on Obstetric Practice, Exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period’. ACOG Committee Opinion Number 267. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2002;99(1):171–173.
Duncombe D, Wertheim EH, Skouteris H, Paxton SJ, Kelly L. Factors related to exercise over the course of pregnancy including women's beliefs about the safety of exercise during pregnancy. Midwifery. 2009 Aug 1;25(4):430-8.,
Sheth R, Gala S, Sheth M. Knowledge, attitude, and perception about antenatal physiotherapy among pregnant women in Ahmedabad. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019;8(9):718-722
Ali ZA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of pregnant women toward antenatal physiotherapy in Al-Qurayyat: A cross-sectional study. Drug Invention Today. 2019;12(11).