Perception and Attitude of Healthcare Providers towards Clinical Pharmacists at Near East University Hospital in Northern Cyprus

Main Article Content

Sami Shabbir Malik
Nevzat Birand
Bilgen Başgut

Abstract

Aims: The aim of study is to assess the perception and attitude of healthcare professionals towards clinical pharmacists in a university hospital North Cyprus.

Study Design: A cross-sectional survey study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in the Near East University Hospital in Northern Cyprus setting from May 2017 to July 2017 for 3 months.

Methodology: A total of 256 healthcare providers (45 physicians, 80 nurses, and 131 intern medical students) from a tertiary hospital in North Cyprus participated in this study. A questionnaire was distributed to assess the perception and attitude of healthcare professionals towards clinical pharmacists. The data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 18. A p-value of less than 0.05 (p<0.05) was considered as statistically significant.

Results: Eighty-seven (66.4%) of intern medical students have recognized the role of clinical pharmacists in minimising adverse drug reaction and improving therapeutic outcome of the patients through pharmaceutical care. Twenty-five (55.6%) of physicians were comfortable with the clinical pharmacist participating in the ward rounds and providing consultation to physicians regarding individual patients. Fifty-seven (71.3%) of the nurses have confirmed the clinical pharmacist as playing a role in the identification of the drug interactions. A significant difference exists between responses of the healthcare providers (physicians and nurses) and the intern medical  students regarding the perception towards improvement in the field of the clinical pharmacist (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: This study has been shown that physicians have a positive attitude towards clinical pharmacy services. Healthcare providers are aware of the role of clinical pharmacists in the healthcare system. A multidisciplinary workspace could be created between clinical pharmacists and healthcare providers to deliver better healthcare service to patients.

Keywords:
Clinical pharmacist, perception, attitude, clinical pharmacy service, healthcare providers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Malik, S. S., Birand, N., & Başgut, B. (2020). Perception and Attitude of Healthcare Providers towards Clinical Pharmacists at Near East University Hospital in Northern Cyprus. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 32(23), 42-51. https://doi.org/10.9734/jpri/2020/v32i2330787
Section
Original Research Article

References

Hepler CD, Strand LM. Opportunities and responsibilities in pharmaceutical care. American journal of hospital pharmacy. 1990;1;47(3):533-43.

Van Mil JW, Schulz M, Tromp TF. Pharmaceutical care, European developments in concepts, implementation, teaching, and research: a review. Pharm World Sci. 2004;26(6):303–11.

Berenguer B, La Casa C, de La Matta MJ, Martin-Calero MJ. Pharmaceutical care: past, present and future. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2004;10(31):3931-46.

Group TL, Burns A. Medication therapy management services: a critical review. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2005;45(5):580-7.

Van Mil JWF. Can the grocer provide pharmaceutical care? Pharm World Sci. 2003;25:183.

Sancar M, Okuyan B, Apikoglu-Rabus S, Izzettin F. Opinion and knowledge towards pharmaceutical care of the pharmacists participated in clinical pharmacy and pharmaceutical care continuing education program. Turkish J Pharmaceutical Sci. 2013;1;10(2):245-54.

Al-Baghdadi H, Al-Baghdadi ÇK, Abdi A, Gültekin O, Meštrović A, Demirdamar R, Özcem B, Başgut B. Introducing clinical pharmacy services to cardiovascular clinics at a university hospital in North Cyprus. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 2017;39(6):1185-93.

Boşnak AS, Birand, N, Diker Ö, Abdi A, Başgut B. The role of the pharmacist in the multidisciplinary approach to the prevention and resolution of drug-related problems in cancer chemotherapy. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice. 2019;25(6):1312-1320.

Van Mil JF, Schulz MA. Review of pharmaceutical care in community pharmacy in Europe. Harvard Health Policy Review. 2006;7(1):155-68.9.

Martins SF, van Mil JF, Da Costa FA. The organizational framework of community pharmaciesin Europe. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 2015;37(5):896-905.

Kabel AM, Bakr MM, Alshanbari AM, Alwagdani SM, Altalhi HA, Alzaidi SH, Altowairqi MH. Perceptions and Attitudes towards Clinical Pharmacy Services and Their Impact on the Management of Cancer in Taif, Saudi Arabia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2020;1;21(2):531-8.

Al-Arifi MN, Alghamdi B, Al-Saadi M, Idris AE, Wajid S, Said R, Babelghaith SD. Attitudes and perceptions of healthcare providers towards clinical pharmacy services at a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2015;2;14(5):913-8.

Alsuhebany N, Alfehaid L, Almodaimegh H, Albekairy A, Alharbi S. Attitude and Perception of Physicians and Nurses Toward the Role of Clinical Pharmacists in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study. SAGE Open Nursing. 2019;5:2377960819889769.

Vinterflod C, Gustafsson M, Mattsson S, Gallego G. Physicians’ perspectives on clinical pharmacy services in Northern Sweden: a qualitative study. BMC health services research. 2018;18(1):1-9.

Abdi AM, Meštrović A, Gelisen I, Gultekin O, Yavuz DO, Saygı Ş, Al-Baghdadi H, Demirdamar R, Basgut B. Introducing a performance-based objective clinical examination into the pharmacy curriculum for students of Northern Cyprus. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2017;16(3):681-8.

Abdi AM, Rasmussen F, Demirdamar R. Impact of Introducing Clinical Pharmacy Services in A Respiratory Diseases Clinic: A Report from North Cyprus. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International. 2019;12:1-5.

Abdi AM, Zarouri AT, Saloumi L, Basgut B. North Cyprus pharmacist’s cognition and practice of pharmaceutical care. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International. 2018;1-9.

Khdour MR, Alayasa KS, AlShahed QN, Hawwa AF. Physicians' perceptions, attitudes and expectations regarding the role of hospital based pharmacists in the W est B ank, P alestine. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 2013;21(3):178-84.

Matowe L, Abahussain EA, Al-Saffar N, Bihzad SM, Al-Foraih A, Al-Kandery AA. Physicians’ perceptions and expectations of pharmacists’ professional duties in government hospitals in Kuwait. Medical Principles and practice. 2006;15(3):185-9.

Smith WE, Ray MD, Shannon DM. Physicians’ expectations of pharmacists. American journal of health-system pharmacy. 2002;1;59(1):50-7.

Azhar S, Hassali MA, Mohamed Ibrahim MI, Saleem F and Siow Yen L. A survey evaluating nurses’ perception and expectations towards the role of pharmacist in Pakistan’s healthcare system. Journal of advanced nursing. 2012;68(1):199-205.

Maneesriwongul W, Dixon JK. Instrument translation process: a methods review. Journal of advanced nursing. 2004;48(2):175-86.

Raosoft, Inc. Raosoft Inc. Sample size calculator; 2017. Available:http://www.raosoft.com/samplesize.html

Meredith AH, Ramsey D, Schmelz A, Berglund R. Resident physicians’ perceptions of ambulatory care pharmacy. Pharmacy Practice (Granada). 2019;17(3).

Katoue MG, Awad AI, Al-Jarallah A, Al-Ozairi E, Schwinghammer TL. Medical and pharmacy students’ attitudes towards physician-pharmacist collaboration in Kuwait. Pharmacy Practice (Granada). 2017;15(3).

Tahaineh LM, Wazaify M, Albsoul-Younes A, Khader Y, Zaidan M. Perceptions, experiences, and expectations of physicians in hospital settings in Jordan regarding the role of the pharmacist. Research in social and administrative pharmacy. 20091;5(1):63-70.

Abu-Gharbieh E, Fahmy S, Rasool BA, Abduelkarem A, Basheti I. Attitudes and perceptions of healthcare providers and medical students towards clinical pharmacy services in United Arab Emirates. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2010;9(5).

Sabry NA, Farid SF. The role of clinical pharmacists as perceived by E gyptian physicians. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 2014;22(5):354-9.

Eltorki Y, Abdallah O, Omar N, Zolezzi M. Perceptions and expectations of health care providers towards clinical pharmacy services in a mental health hospital in Qatar. Asian journal of psychiatry. 2019;1;42:62-6.

Shanika LG, Wijekoon CN, Jayamanne S, Coombes J, Coombes I, Mamunuwa N, Dawson AH, De Silva HA. Acceptance and attitudes of healthcare staff towards the introduction of clinical pharmacy service: a descriptive cross-sectional study from a tertiary care hospital in Sri Lanka. BMC health services research. 2017;1;17(1):46.