Main Article Content
Aim: The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence of bacterial pathogens isolated from patients in a military hospital in Alkharj.
Methodology: This was a retrospective study conducted to describe the prevalence of bacterial pathogens in 2018. Clinical culture results were collected from laboratory in a military hospital from 01-01-2018 to31-12-2018.
Results: The most common bacteria were Escherichia coli bacteria followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Gram negative bacteria were collected mainly by urine culture while gram positive bacteria were collected mainly from wound/pus/skin cultures.
Conclusion: In general, from this study it can be concluded that the rate of bacterial infections is high. It is important to follow the healthcare professional recommendations such as hand washing and other measures to prevent the occurrence of infections. Moreover, health care professional should know the causative bacteria to give the appropriate treatment.
[cited 11 March 2020].
Infectious Disease | Germs | Medline Plus [Internet]. Medlineplus.gov. 2020
[Cited 11 March 2020].
Nazir R, Rehman S, Baba U. Exploring bacterial diversity. Freshwater Micro-biology. 2019:263-306.
Grant SS, Hung DT. Persistent bacterial infections, antibiotic tolerance, and the oxidative stress response. Virulence. 2013; 4(4):273-83.
Emori TG, Gaynes RP. An overview of nosocomial infections, including the role of the microbiology laboratory. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 1993;6(4):428-42.
Amin AN, Rehm SJ. Infections in hospitalized patients: what is happening and who can help? Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. 2007;74 (Suppl 4):S2-5.
Erlandsson CM, Hanberger H, Eliasson I, Hoffmann M, Isaksson B, Lindgren S, et al. Surveillance of antibiotic resistance in ICUs in southeastern Sweden. ICU Study Group of the South East of Sweden. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 1999; 43(8):815-20.
Asensio A, Oliver A, Gonzalez-Diego P, Baquero F, Perez-Diaz JC, Ros P, et al. Outbreak of a multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain in an intensive care unit: Antibiotic use as risk factor for colonization and infection. Clinical infectious diseases: An official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 2000;30(1):55-60.
Richards MJ, Edwards JR, Culver DH, Gaynes RP. Nosocomial infections in combined medical-surgical intensive care units in the United States. Infection control and hospital epidemiology. 2000;21(8): 510-5.
Bereket W, Hemalatha K, Getenet B, Wondwossen T, Solomon A, Zeynudin A, et al. Update on bacterial nosocomial infections. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. 2012; 16(8):1039-44.
Gajdács M, Burián K, Terhes G. Resistance levels and epidemiology of non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria in urinary tract infections of inpatients and outpatients (RENFUTI): A 10-Year Epidemiological Snapshot. Antibiotics. 2019;8:143.
Gajdács M, Ábrók M, Lázár A, Burián K. Comparative epidemiology and resistance trends of common urinary pathogens in a tertiary-care hospital: A 10-Year Surveillance Study. Medicina. 2019;55: 356.
Gajdács, M. The continuing threat of methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Antibiotics. 2019;8:52.
Gajdács M. The concept of an ideal antibiotic: Implications for drug design. Molecules. 2019;24:892.
Mansfield K, Fox J. Bacterial Diseases. The Common Marmoset in Captivity and Biomedical Research. Academic Press; 2019.
Mohammed A, Seid ME, Gebrecherkos T, Tiruneh M, Moges F. Bacterial isolates and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of wound infections among inpatients and outpatients attending the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. International Journal of Microbiology. 2017;2017:8953829.
Asghar AH. Frequency and antibiotic susceptibility of gram-positive bacteria in Makkah hospitals. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2011;31(5):462-8.
MárióGajdács, Edit Urbán. Epidemiology and resistance trends of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from vaginal samples: A 10-year retrospective study in Hungary. Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica et Adriatica. 2019;28:143- 147.
Odoki M, Aliero A, Tibyangye J, Maniga J, Wampande E, Kato C, et al. Prevalence of Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections and Associated Factors among Patients Attending Hospitals in Bushenyi District, Uganda. International Journal of Microbiology. 2019;2019:1-8.
Zlatian O, BalasoiuAT, Balasoiu M, et al. Antimicrobial resistance in bacterial pathogens among hospitalised patients with severe invasive infections. Exp Ther Med. 2018;16(6):4499–4510.