Examination of Bacterial Pathogens an in Intensive Care Unit of a Military Hospital in Alkharj

Main Article Content

Nehad J. Ahmed


Aim: The present study was undertaken to identify the most common infectious agents for Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients in a military hospital in Alkharj – Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: This study was conducted in a military hospital in Alkharj – Saudi Arabia. Identification of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria was performed with standard microbiological methods.

The isolates that are collected from ICU from blood, urine and other samples in the year 2019 are included.

Results: Out of 992 bacterial isolates only 6.15% were collected from ICU. The majority of the bacteria that were found in the ICU were Gram-positive bacteria. The most common bacteria that were found in ICU were Staphylococcus aureus followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli.

Conclusion: We found differences in the prevalence of bacteria in the ICU compared to other studies. The predominant bacteria in ICU were Staphylococcus aureus. The present data could help physicians to know the causative organisms and to administer the most suitable antibiotics for treatment of nosocomial infections in Alkharj area after knowing the susceptibility rate of bacteria to different antibiotics.

Bacteria, infectious agents, ICU, nosocomial infections.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmed, N. J. (2020). Examination of Bacterial Pathogens an in Intensive Care Unit of a Military Hospital in Alkharj. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 32(9), 19-23. https://doi.org/10.9734/jpri/2020/v32i930478
Original Research Article


García M, Cornejo A, León D, Arenas M. Current status of colonization and infection by multiresistant bacteria in the Spanish Intensive Care Unit: Resistance Zero Program; 2018.

Gajdács M. The concept of an ideal antibiotic: Implications for drug design. Molecules. 2019;24:892.

Gajdács M, Bátori Z, Ábrók M, Lázár A, Burián K. Characterization of resistance in gram-negative urinary isolates using existing and novel indicators of clinical relevance: A 10-year data analysis. Life. 2020;10:16.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States; 2018.


European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Healthcare–associated infections acquired in intensive care units. In: ECDC Annual Epidemiological Report for 2015. Stockholm: ECDC; 2017.


Gajdács M, Albericio F. Antibiotic resistance: From the bench to patients. Antibiotics. 2019;8:129.

Phu VD, Wertheim HF, Larsson M, Nadjm B, Dinh QD, Nilsson LE, et al. Burden of hospital acquired infections and antimicrobial use in Vietnamese adult intensive care units. PloS One. 2016;11(1):e0147544.

Routsi C, Pratikaki M, Platsouka E, Sotiropoulou C, Nanas S, Markaki V, et al. Carbapenem-resistant versus carbapenem-susceptible Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia in a Greek intensive care unit: Risk factors, clinical features and outcomes. Infection. 2010;38(3):173-80.

World Health Organization. Health care-associated infections fact sheet; 2016.


Vincent JL. Nosocomial infections in adult intensive-care units. Lancet (London, England). 2003;361(9374):2068-77.

Esfahani BN, Basiri R, Mirhosseini SMM, Moghim S, Dolatkhah S. Nosocomial infections in intensive care unit: Pattern of antibiotic-resistance in Iranian community. Advanced Biomedical Research. 2017;6: 54.

Spencer RC. Epidemiology of infection in ICUs. Intensive Care Medicine. 1994; 20(Suppl 4):S2-6.

Gajdács M, Burián K, Terhes G. Resistance levels and epidemiology of non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria in urinary tract infections of inpatients and outpatients (RENFUTI): A 10-year epidemiological snapshot. Antibiotics. 2019;8:143.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Annual Epidemiological Report 2016 – Healthcare-associated infections acquired in intensive care units. [Internet]. Stockholm: ECDC; 2016.

[Cited 2020 March 12]

Yetkin F, Yakupogullari Y, Kuzucu C, Ersoy Y, Otlu B, Colak C, et al. Pathogens of intensive care unit-acquired infections and their antimicrobial resistance: A 9-year analysis of data from a University Hospital. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2018;11(10): e67716.

Toufen Junior C, Hovnanian ALD, Franca SA, Carvalho CRR. Prevalence rates of infection in intensive care units of a tertiary teaching hospital. Revista do Hospital das Clínicas. 2003;58:254-9.

Dasgupta S, Das S, Chawan NS, Hazra A. Nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit: Incidence, risk factors, outcome and associated pathogens in a public tertiary teaching hospital of Eastern India. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine: Peer-Reviewed, Official Publication of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine. 2015;19(1):14-20.

Mitharwal SM, Yaddanapudi S, Bhardwaj N, Gautam V, Biswal M, Yaddanapudi L. Intensive care unit-acquired infections in a tertiary care hospital: An epidemiologic survey and influence on patient outcomes. Am J. Infect Control. 2016;44(7):e113-7.

Naidu K, Nabose I, Ram S, Viney K, Graham SM, Bissell K. A descriptive study of nosocomial infections in an adult intensive care unit in Fiji: 2011-12. Journal of Tropical Medicine. 2014;545160.