GC/MS Analysis of n-Hexane and Chloroform Extracts of Chenopodium murale Leaves in Iraq

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Muthanna Saadi Farhan
Amjed Haseeb Khamees
Omar Hussein Ahmed
Amani AmerTawfeeq
Yahya Saad Yaseen


Chenopodium murale L. it is an essential annual herbaceous weed belongs to the genus Chenopodium and family Chenopodiaceae. Chenopodium murale L. commonly called as nettle leaf goosefoot. Aim of this study is the gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis of chemical constituents of Chenopodium murale leaves in two different extracts; n-hexane and chloroform. These extracts contain 37 chemical components which are Monoterpenes, steroids precursor and fatty acids. Furthermore the n- hexane extract revealed about 35.22% of cyclic and acyclic monoterpenoids, fatty acid about 2.07%, also 2.31% of nitrogenous compounds and sterol precursor about 0.41%.

However the chloroform extract revealed the presence of linolenic acid representing 13.54% and neo menthol representing 18.87%, also the other minor components are carvone oxide (0.27%), alpha- pinene epoxide (1.71%), Trans- Squalene (0.77%) and other minor bioactive components.

GC/MS analysis, n-hexane, chloroform extracts, Chenopodium murale leaves.

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How to Cite
Saadi Farhan, M., Haseeb Khamees, A., Hussein Ahmed, O., AmerTawfeeq, A., & Saad Yaseen, Y. (2019). GC/MS Analysis of n-Hexane and Chloroform Extracts of Chenopodium murale Leaves in Iraq. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 31(6), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/jpri/2019/v31i630325
Original Research Article


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