Parent's Attitude, Knowledge and Belief of Child's Fever Managements in Al-Qassim - Saudi Arabia
Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International,
Background: Parent’s misconception of fever, result in increased anxiety and antipyretics are commonly used in this situation. So any lack of parent’s knowledge regarding strategies of using them raises the possibility of drug-related problems.
Objective: This study evaluated the parents’ knowledge, attitude and beliefs in dealing with the children’s fever.
Methods: An ethically approved cross-sectional study was conducted in Qassim region -Saudi Arabia.
Results: A total of 490 parents were participated in this study, 83.7% of them were mothers. Half of parents use the armpit site for measuring temperature. The majority of parents considered the temperature ≤37°C as normal and more than half of them considered ≥38°C as fever temperature. Convulsion was believed to be a complication of fever in 71% of parents and there was a significant association between the number of children and the practice of giving antipyretics. A wrong practice of assessing fever was using hand touch, and this study revealed that this behavioral was presented in a nearly third of parents. Acetaminophen was the commonly used antipyretics beside ice packs as a common non pharmacological therapy. The study also showed the majority of parents didn’t know the importance of weight in considering antipyretic.
Conclusion: Over all, parents participated in this study have inadequate knowledge about fever, its assessment and decision of giving a medication. However, past experiences and the number of sibling highly influence their practice and knowledge. Therefore, there is a need of effort to maximize parents’ information and awareness about fever.
- Saudi Arabia.
How to Cite
Betz MG, Grunfeld AF. Fever phobia’in the emergency department: A survey of children's caregivers. European Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2006;13(3): 129-33.
Schmitt BD. Fever phobia: Misconceptions of parents about fevers. American Journal of Diseases of Children. 1980;134(2): 176-81.
Rupe A, Ahlers-Schmidt CR, Wittler R. A comparison of perceptions of fever and fever phobia by ethnicity. Clinical Pediatrics. 2010;49(2):172-6.
Sharma M, Usherwood T. Up close-reasons why parents attend their general practitioner when their child is sick. Australian family physician. 2014;43(4): 223.
Agrawal RP, Bhatia SS, Kaushik A, Sharma CM. Perception of fever and management practices by parents of pediatric patients. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2017;1(4): 397-400.
Al-Eissa YA, Al-Sanie AM, Al-Alola SA, Al-Shalaan MA, Ghazal SS, Al-Harbi AH, Al-Wakeel AS. Parental perceptions of fever in children. Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2000;20(3-4):202-5.
Jalil HA, Jumah NA, Al-Baghli AA. Mothers' knowledge, fears and self-management of fever: A cross sectional study from the capital governorate in Kuwait. Kuwait Medical Journal. 2007;39(4):349.
Chaturvedi D, Vilhekar KY, Chaturvedi P, Bharambe MS. Reliability of perception of fever by touch. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2003;70(11):871-3.
Axelrod P. External cooling in the management of fever. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2000;31(Supplement 5):S224-9.
El-Radhi AS, Carroll J, Klein N. Clinical manual of fever in children. Berlin, Germany: Springer. 2009;8:1-318.
WHO IMCI. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) Chart Booklet. Distance Learn Course. 2014;1–76.
Walsh A, Edwards H, Fraser J. Over-the-counter medication use for childhood fever: A cross-sectional study of Australian parents. J Paediatr Child Health. 2007; 43(9):601–6.
Nulty DD. The adequacy of response rates to online and paper surveys: What can be done? Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education. 2008;33:301–14.
Sa’ed HZ, Al-Jabi SW, Sweileh WM, Nabulsi MM, Tubaila MF, Awang R, Sawalha AF. Beliefs and practices regarding childhood fever among parents: A cross-sectional study from Palestine. BMC Pediatrics. 2013;13(1):66.
Chang LC, Liu CC, Huang MC. Parental knowledge, concerns, and management of childhood fever in Taiwan. Journal of Nursing Research. 2013;21(4):252-60.
Enarson MC, Ali S, Vandermeer B, Wright RB, Klassen TP, Spiers JA. Beliefs and Expectations of Canadian Parents Who Bring Febrile Children for Medical Care. Pediatrics. 2012;130(4):e905–12.
Crocetti M, Moghbeli N, Serwint J. Fever phobia revisited: Have parental misconceptions about fever changed in 20 years? Pediatrics. 2001;107(6):1241-6.
Badawy NA, Alhajraf AF, Alsamdan MF. Kuwaiti parent's knowledge of their children's fever and their patterns of use of over the counter antipyretics. Australasian Medical Journal (Online). 2017;10(10): 848-55.
Abstract View: 1647 times
PDF Download: 683 times