Effectiveness of Forgiveness Skill on Worry and Hopelessness in Women Victims of Sexual Abuse in Childhood

Main Article Content

Shahrbanoo Ghahari
Neda Naeimi
Zahra Azemnia
Mohammad Mazloumirad
Susan Salari
Nadia Ghorbanzadeh Piraghon
Mahro Asadollahinia
Abouzar Nouri Talemi


Sexual abuse is a major health problem and trauma if encountered in childhood. This study was conducted about the Effectiveness, Forgiveness skill on worry and hopelessness in Women Victims of sexual abuse in childhood.

This is a semi-experimental study with pretest-posttest as well as control and test groups. 30 depressed women who reported a sexual abuse by relative and referred to several psychological clinics in Tehran in 2017 were studied. Studied sample consisted of 30 women who were selected randomly (how the author has used random sampling) (the author should have used purposive sampling rather than random) and signed into two 15-member experimental and control groups. Sample members of test group were under intervention individually within 12 sessions with forgiveness approach and control group members were remained in waiting list. Both of groups filled out worry and hopelessness scale   in baseline and after intervention. The data were analyzed using covariance analysis through IBM SPSS 22.0 software.

Results obtained from study indicate difference between worry and hopelessness level of women victims of sexual abuse in control and experimental groups after forgiveness training.

Forgiveness skill is effective in reducing worry and hopelessness in women victims of sexual abuse in childhood.

Forgiveness, worry, hopelessness, women, sexual abuse

Article Details

How to Cite
Ghahari, S., Naeimi, N., Azemnia, Z., Mazloumirad, M., Salari, S., Piraghon, N., Asadollahinia, M., & Talemi, A. (2019). Effectiveness of Forgiveness Skill on Worry and Hopelessness in Women Victims of Sexual Abuse in Childhood. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, 27(4), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/jpri/2019/v27i430175
Original Research Article


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